School-based prevention programs were found to be successful in having a significant impact on dating violence knowledge and attitudes and, unlike victimization experiences, changes in knowledge were sustained over time.
Although an increase in knowledge is important, programs need to be able to contribute to actual behavior change," said De La Rue, "It is well established in the educational and psychological research literature and in public health, that changes in knowledge and attitude are not associated with reductions in actual behavior.
Teen victims may be especially vulnerable due to their inexperience in dating relationships, their susceptibility to peer pressure and their reluctance to tell an adult about the abuse (Cohall, 1999).
Teen dating violence appears to parallel violence in adult relationships in that it exists on a continuum ranging from verbal abuse to rape and murder (Sousa, 1999).Dating during the teen years takes a violent turn for nearly 1 in 6 young people, a new study finds, with both genders reporting acts like punching and throwing things. Violence in teen dating relationships is alarmingly commonplace.Compared to boys, girls are more likely to sustain injuries and require medical treatment as a result of the violence (Makepeace, 1987).Moreover, the emotional consequences of the violence are more harmful for females than for males.Thus, they may have implications for prevention program, but they may also be outcomes that have implications for treatment.