Presently, a majority of the Sikhs live in Punjab, India, and until India's partition in 1947, millions of Sikhs had lived in what is now Pakistani Punjab.Besides Sikhi and Gurmat, Sikhism is also referred to as Aad-Matt (the primal counsel).Jetha became Guru Ram Das and vigorously undertook his duties as the new guru.He is responsible for the establishment of the city of Ramdaspur later to be named Amritsar.The faith system is based on the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev Ji and ten successive Sikh Gurus (divine messengers or enlighteners), with the last one being the revealed sacred scripture, Guru Granth Sahib.This system of religious philosophy and expression has been traditionally known as Gurmat (literally the counsel of the Gurus) or the Sikh Dharma.
While compiling the scripture, the fifth Sikh Guru, Guru Arjan Dev Ji incorporated not only the writings of the Sikh Gurus, but also included selected works of many devotees and saints from diverse socio-economic and religious backgrounds, who believed in the unity of God and denounced caste and superstition.
Guru Amar Das also trained 140 apostles of which 52 were women to manage the rapid expansion of the religion.
Before he died in 1574 aged 95, he appointed his son-in-law, Jetha as the fourth Sikh Guru.
Bhai Lehna was renamed Guru Angad and became the second guru of the Sikhs. Guru Amar Das became the third Sikh guru in 1552 at the age of 73.
Goindwal became an important centre for Sikhism during the Guruship of Guru Amar Das.
He was tortured severely and finally allowed to bath in the nearby river.